Page under construction September 2017 – all being reformatted and combined in a different structure to the old site.
Info below is cut and pasted from the old site – to be re-formatted soon.
Intro, trading, imports, where to buy…
From old site:
Mistletoe trading is a relatively modern concept – probably only dating from the mid-19th century when kissing under mistletoe had become popular across the UK (and abroad in English-speaking countries). Since much of the country had little or no mistletoe (see distribution pages) an organised harvest and trade began to be established.
Mistletoe from the main growing areas of Herefordshire, Worcestershire and Gloucestershire began to be cut and sent around the country. This is still the case today, with a significant wholesale mistletoe market centred on Tenbury Wells on the Worcestershire-Herefordshire border.
The mistletoe auctions at Tenbury have a long history – at least 100 years. They seem to be the sole survivor of may have been a common sight in the market towns of the ‘three counties’ (Herefordshire, Worcestershire and Gloucestershire) from the mid 19th century onwards.
Most would have been centred on the cattle markets – and in Tenbury the auctions were still held in the traditional cattle market site until 2006. Every year the whole market ground was laid out in lots of mistletoe, and holly, and later on Christmas trees, many displayed within the cattle pens – as if they might escape…
In 2005 the market site itself was sold for redevelopment and there were fears that the mistletoe auctions would cease. This resulted in the creation of the Tenbury Wells Mistletoe Festival – an annual event celebrating the town’s history in the mistletoe trade. The auctions are, happily, continuing – alongside the other mistletoe festival events, Details of all can be found at www.tenbury-mistletoe-festival.co.uk
Not just Tenbury, and not just auctions
There is a lot of other mistletoe trading across England’s mistletoe area too, with much trading direct to local and national wholesalers and, with the advent of the internet, increasing amounts of direct retail trade to customers across the country.
For more details about buying mistletoe visit the Where to Buy page.
Mistletoe imports to Britain
The mistletoe trade in Britain is significantly dependent in imports from mainland Europe – and despite regular scare-mongering media reports that this is somehow ‘new’ and to be resisted, it’s actually been going on for well over a century. Britain, with its limited natural mistletoe populations in the south west midlands, was probably never able to fully meet the Victorian demand for Christmas mistletoe and there is a substantial cross-channel trade in November and December.
These pictures show French mistletoe being harvested in Normandy and Breton Orchards, specifically for export to Britain, in the 1920s and 1930s. Note the traditional costume – the women’s hats don’t look very practical for mistletoe harvesting!
The lower pictures show crates arriving at Southampton Docks, and subsequently at Nine Elms Station London, in the 1920s and 1930s. A poster with some of these images is available for download (see further down this page.
The wooden open-slatted crates are often a good clue to imported mistletoe – they are a style that has been used for decades (they’re in the 1930s pictures above) and are still sometimes seen today. British mistletoe is usually packed much more loosely.
Poster download: The Mistletoe Matters Consultancy has assembled some vintage (1920s and 30s) pictures of the French Mistletoe Harvest and export to the UK.It can be downloaded here (or click on the image on the right). Note that it is a large file (about 4 MB) and is optimised to print at about 300 by 450 mm.
Mistletoe trading in France
The mistletoe kissing custom is a very British tradition – our continental cousins are much less reserved, and don’t usually need such excuses for their kissing! But there are many allied winter mistletoe customs, mostly relating to mistletoe as a symbol of peace and of good luck.
Mistletoe in France was often sold as on the sheet by Marchands de Gui – Mistletoe Sellers. These pictures show a few typical pictures of French mistletoe sellers – ranging from the traditional merchant with a pole of mistletoe, through to a rather more saucy representation from Raphael Kirchner (dating from the first World War):
Several other artists also painted these Marchands de Gui – including Barrere (left) and Picasso (right).
Harvest for medicinal uses
Continental mistletoe is harvested for more than just the seasonal trade. The European traditions of using mistletoe in medicine, particularly the Anthroposophic approach advocated by Steiner, means there is harvesting all year round.
This is a different sort of harvest – the aim is to sample mistletoe at several times of year, and from differing hosts – as the chemical properties of mistletoe vary according to season and host. This careful, sustainable year-round harvesting is a complete contrast to the Christmas rush just to get a few branches with berries!
Most is taken from apple and pine trees, but minority hosts are also sought, including oak. To guarantee supplies from these minority hosts the mistletoe crop is harvested very carefully, and new colonies are established on key host species such as oak.
Where to buy Mistletoe?
Well, a lot depends on where you are. If you’re in Britain there are various ways to obtain mistletoe, depending on where you are and how much you want.
In mistletoe’s main growing areas it is often fairly easy to obtain from local traders and shops, but elsewhere you may have to make more effort, and you also run the risk of buying mistletoe that isn’t very fresh-looking.
Wholesalers wanting British mistletoe should be thinking about supply direct from the south-west midlands, and maybe going to buy it direct from the Tenbury Wells mistletoe auctions in November and December. To find out more about the auctions visit Nick Champion’s website www.nickchampion.co.uk.
But going all the way to the Tenbury Wells Auctions is not recommended if you just want a few sprigs for the living room. If you want smaller amounts of genuine British (mainly English, but the mistletoe region does extend into Wales in lowland Gwent) mistletoe in freshly-picked condition then you need to look at other options.
If you’re online (which you are if you’re reading this!) then your best bet might be to try one of the specialist mistletoe mail order sites that have appeared in the last few years, catalysed by the original Tenbury English Mistletoe Enterprise website I helped set-up back in 2005. That partnership no longer exists but there are several spin-offs, including my current recommendation, The English Mistletoe Shop, pictured right.
You’ll find others listed in the Mistletoe Diary each season.
Not in Britain?
If you’re in mainland Europe there are many other sources available to you – as mistletoe is much more abundant in some parts of Europe than in Britain.
Not in Europe?
If you live elsewhere then you’re probably using a different species of mistletoe entirely. For example, in the USA the usual ‘Christmas mistletoe’ is one of the Phoradendron species, which are generally harvested from southern states, with a trade traditionally centred in parts of Texas.
A Little Book About Mistletoe
Looking for a book about mistletoe? There aren’t many available but Jonathan Briggs’ little book introducing all aspects of mistletoe, first published in 2010, is newly (from autumn 2013) available on Amazon.